Although a functional neurological disorder isn’t yet curable, there are some treatment options that may help remediate and support the cognitive and physical difficulties that impact patients who are diagnosed with the disorder. Keep reading to learn more about the symptoms of FND and how to find care at a Functional Neurology Center

About functional neurological disorders

A functional neurological disorder (FND) is a group of medically unexplained neurological symptoms that aren’t linked to exactly one disease or another disorder. It’s only estimated that between 4 to 12 people per 100 thousand will ever develop this rare disorder. However, certain biological and sociological factors can increase this chance. Among these factors, early childhood trauma and stress among interpersonal relationships are more likely to increase the chance of development of a functional neurological disorder. 

Although the main cause of FND is unknown, symptoms can severely impact cognitive function and often disrupt a patient’s daily life. When it comes to neurological disorders, the brain and body signals become disrupted. Some of the most severely impacted cognitive functions include memory, concentration, sensory and emotional processing, and cognition.

Some other symptoms that can occur with a functional neurological disorder and affect cognitive functions are:

  • Fatigue, brain fog, or slowed processing
  • Seeing or hearing issues
  • Problems with speech like stuttering
  • Body pain or chronic migraines
  • Body numbness


Getting an early diagnosis of FND is one of the best ways to help mitigate symptoms and increase the chance of both cognitive and physical healing. 

Treatment options for a functional neurological disorder

Seeking FND diagnosis

Diagnosis of a functional neurological disorder isn’t always easy. Since FND can co-occur with other conditions and disorders, and present as individualized symptoms, it may not be easily traceable. There are, however, a few diagnostic exams that a neurologist, psychiatrist, or psychologist can perform to identify specific patterns or signs that could indicate the presence of a functional neurological disorder. These include neurologic, psychiatric and physical exams, as well as brain imaging scans, to track the brain and body’s electrical activity. 

Ruling out other diagnoses, like epilepsy or movement disorders, can also help healthcare professionals identify other symptoms associated with a neurological disorder.

Targeted treatment options

There are few targeted techniques that can help remediate symptoms of a functional neurological disorder. Learning more about your disorder, and that there are options for care, is the first step towards a more positive recovery outlook. A team of professionals at a Functional Neurology Center can also help you understand your options and how to find the right care. With specialized remediation techniques that target certain brain regions and how they impact the nervous system, symptoms of cognitive dysfunction can be lessened.

Some options of specialized care for functional neurological disorders include:

  • Functional Medicine
  • Vestibular/Balance Therapy
  • Visual Therapy
  • Chiropractic Care
  • Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Cognitive Remediation Therapy 

If you or a loved one have struggled with symptoms of a functional neurological disorder and are seeking care, contact The Hartman Center for more information.